Heat Injury Preventions
- Drink lots of fluids. Avoid fluids that contain alcohol, caffeine, or sugar.
- Don't wait until you get thirsty. It might be too late by then. As your body gets dehydrated, you feel less thirsty, although you need more fluids.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes and a hat. This allows sweat to evaporate--which is your biological cooling mechanism.
- At the first sign/symptom of heat stress, get out of the sun, rest, and slowly rehydrate. When in doubt about the type of heat stress, seek medical help.
- The signs of heat exhaustion are cool, clammy, pale skin; sweating; dry mouth; fatigue/weakness; dizziness/headache; nausea/vomiting; and/or muscle cramps and weak pulse.
- Heat stroke is a medical emergency--immediate medical attention is required! The signs are: Very high temperature; hot, dry, red skin; NO sweating; deep breathing, fast pulse followed by shallow breathing, slow pulse; dilated pupils; confusion, delirium, and/or convulsions.
- Some prescribed medications and sun don't mix well. Some examples are water pills and mind altering or antispasmodic medications. Check with your doctor and medicine labels.
- Use sun block and build up sun/heat tolerance gradually.
- Plan strenuous activities/games early or late in the day to avoid the hot midday to late afternoon period.
- Never leave small children unattended in automobiles or other enclosed areas with poor ventilation (i.e., camping tents, campers, etc.).
To order the "WET BULB-GLOBE TEMPERATURE KIT"
- NSN 6665-00-159-2218: KIT WITHOUT TRIPOD (SIGMA#601301)
- NSN 6665-01-381-3023: KIT WITH TRIPOD (SIGMA# 601301/T)
- NSN 6665-01-381-3023: COMPLETE WBGT INCLUDES CARRY CASE,
SIGNAL FLAG KIT (SIGMA# 601301/TSF)
These memorandums provide details about this years Heat Injury Prevention Program.
The Power Point is a briefing suitable to advise Commanders and units on preventing Heat Casualties.
Commanders, Senior NCOs, and Instructors Guide to Risk Management of Heat Casualties
The work/rest table provides times and fluid replacement volumes that will sustain performance and hydration for at least 4 hrs. of work in the specified heat category.
Prevention of Heat and Cold Injury
page last modified on: 5/7/2013